Icelandic is a language spoken by 340.000 people, the majority are from Iceland of course but there are a few foreigners that have mastered our language….. voluntarily J . Iceland doesn´t have any dialects, which is weird as other countries have many of them. This language has been spoken since the 9thcentury.
Icelandic belongs to the Germanic Languages closely related with Faroese, west Norwegian, Danish and Swedish dialects.
Let´s talk about the Icelandic name customs. The surnames are formed with the father or mother name and one termination, for example if one man is called Jón Einarsson, the surname of the daughter will be Jónsdóttir (daughter) termination and his son´s surname will be Jónsson (son termination).
A lot of the words Icelandic people use haven´t change through the decades, only a few words have appeared with the begin of the new technologies and contemporary needs. These words are a mix of two different words put together. For example, eldhús (kitchen) is formed by eld (fire) and hús (house). Another word svefnsófi (sofa bed) is formed by svefn (sleep) and sófi (sofa).
Icelandic also has similar words to English such as epli (apple).
At school is compulsory to learn other languages as English or Danish, and then secondary school some of them have French, Spanish and German.
A good thing to know if you are coming to Iceland is that even the names of the streets look similar it has a reason, some of them end with the termination: stigur, gata or vegur. That´s because stigur means trail, gata means street and vegur means road. For example, Brekkustigur, Tungata and Seljavegur, among others.
Although Icelandic is a difficult language to learn, if you try, you will understand better this amazing culture and their inhabitants.